International Documents and Institutions

(A) International Documents

INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS
Instruments Year Medium
United Nation Charter 1945 S T E
Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 S T E

THE CORE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

Instruments Year Medium
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) 1965 S T E
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 1966 S T E
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) 1966 S T E
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) 1979 S T E
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) 1984 S T E
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 1989 S T E
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW) 1990 S T E
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 2006 S T E
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) 2006 S T E
Optional Protocol of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR – OP) 2008 S T E
Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-OP1) 1966 S T E
Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty (ICCPR-OP2) 1989 S T E
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (OP-CEDAW) 1999 S T E
Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OP-CRC-AC) 2000 S T E
Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (OP-CRC-SC) 2000 S T E
Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OP-CAT) 2002 S T E
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (OP-CRPD) 2006 S T E

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE: PROTECTION OF PERSONS SUBJECTED TO DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT

Instruments Year Medium
Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners S T E
Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners S T E
Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment S T E
United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty S T E
Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment S T E
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) S T E
Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT) S T E
Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment S T E
Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment S T E
Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty S T E
Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials S T E
Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials S T E
United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The Tokyo Rules) S T E
United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules) S T E
Guidelines for Action on Children in the Criminal Justice System S T E
United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines) S T E
Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power S T E
Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary S T E
Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers S T E
Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors S T E
Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions S T E
Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance S T E
Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation S T E

RIGHTS OF WOMEN

Instruments Year Medium
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) S T E
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW-OP) S T E
Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict S T E
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women S T E

RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

Instruments Year Medium
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) S T E
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (CRC-OPSC) S T E
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (CRC-OPAC) S T E
Minimum Age Convention (No.138) S T E
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) S T E
Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict S T E

PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION

Instruments Year Medium
Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100) S T E
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111) S T E
International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) S T E
Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice S T E
Convention against Discrimination in Education S T E
Protocol Instituting a Conciliation and Good Offices Commission to be responsible for seeking a settlement of any disputes which may arise between States Parties to the Convention against Discrimination in Education S T E
Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief S T E
World Conference against Racism, 2001 (Durban Declaration and Programme of Action) S T E

RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS

Instruments Year Medium
United Nations Principles for Older Persons S T E

RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

Instruments Year Medium
Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons S T E
Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons S T E
Principles for the protection of persons with mental illness and the improvement of mental health care S T E
Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities S T E

SOCIAL WELFARE, PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT

Instruments Year Medium
Declaration on Social Progress and Development S T E
Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition S T E
Declaration on the Use of Scientific and Technological Progress in the Interests of Peace and for the Benefit of Mankind S T E
Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace S T E
Declaration on the Right to Development S T E
Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights S T E
Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity S T E
RIGHT TO HEALTH
Instruments Year Medium
Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS S T E
RIGHT TO WORK AND TO FAIR CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
Instruments Year Medium
Employment Policy Convention, 1964 (No. 122) S T E

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

Instruments Year Medium
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87) S T E
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98) S T E

SLAVERY, SLAVERY-LIKE PRACTICES AND FORCED LABOUR

Instruments Year Medium
Slavery Convention S T E
Protocol amending the Slavery Convention signed at Geneva on 25 September 1926 S T E
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery S T E
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) S T E
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) S T E
Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others S T E
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime S T E

RIGHTS OF MIGRANTS

Instruments Year Medium
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICPMW) S T E
Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime S T E

NATIONALITY, STATELESSNESS, ASYLUM AND REFUGEES

Instruments Year Medium
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness S T E
Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons S T E
Convention relating to the Status of Refugees S T E
Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees S T E
Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals Who are not Nationals of the Country in which They Live S T E

HUMANITARIAN LAW

Instruments Year Medium
Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War S T E
Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War S T E
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I) S T E
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II) S T E

RIGHTS OF INTERNAL DISPLACED PERSON

Instruments Year Medium
Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (Deng Principles) S T E

RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND MINORITIES

Instruments Year Medium
Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169) S T E
Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities S T E

WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND MILLENNIUM ASSEMBLY

Instruments Year Medium
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action S T E
United Nations Millennium Declaration S T E

PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Instruments Year Medium
Principles relating to the status of national institutions (The Paris Principles) S T E
Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms S T E

(B) Status of Ratifications of Human Rights Treaties

(C) UN Fact Sheets

No. 2 The International Bill of Human Rights (Rev.1)
English
No. 3 Advisory Services and Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights (Rev.1)
English
No. 4 Combating Torture (Rev.1)
English
No. 6 Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (Rev.3)
English
No. 7 Complaint Procedures (Rev.1)
English
No. 9 The Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Rev.1)
English
No. 10 The Rights of the Child (Rev.1)
English
No. 11 Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions (Rev.1)
English
No. 12 The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
English
No. 13 International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights
English
No. 14 Contemporary Forms of Slavery
English
No. 15 Civil and Political Rights: The Human Rights Committee (Rev.1)
English
No. 16 The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Rev.1)
English
No. 17 The Committee against Torture
English
No. 18 Minority Rights (Rev.1)
English
No. 19 National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights
English
No. 20 Human Rights and Refugees
English
No. 21 The Human Right to Adequate Housing (Rev.1)
English
No. 22 Discrimination against Women: The Convention and the Committee
English
No. 23 Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children
English
No. 24 The International Convention on Migrant Workers and its Committee (Rev.1)
English
No. 25 Forced Evictions and Human Rights
English
No. 26 The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention
English
No. 27 Seventeen Frequently Asked Questions about United Nations Special Rapporteurs
English
No. 28 The Impact of Mercenary Activities on the Right of Peoples to Self-Determination
English
No. 29 Human Rights Defenders: Protecting the Right to Defend Human Rights
English
No. 30 The United Nations Human Rights Treaty System: An introduction to the core human rights treaties and the treaty bodies
English
No. 31 The Right to health
English
No. 32 Terrorism and Counter-terrorism
English
No. 33 Frequently Asked Questions on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
English
No. 34 The Right to Adequate Food
English
No. 35 The Right to Water
English

(D) UN General Comments

(E) Concluding Observations

(F) Special Rappoteurs

(a) Country Mandate

Country Name Category Period
Burundi Fatsah Ouguergouz Independent Expert on Human Rights 2010 –
Cambodia Surya Prasad Subedi Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Human Rights 2009 –
Haiti Michel Forst Independent Expert on human rights 2008 –
Myanmar Tomas Ojea Quintana Special Rapporteur on human rights 2010 –
North Korea Marzuki Darusman Special Rapporteur on human rights 2010 –
Palestinian Richard Falk Territories – Special Rapporteur on human rights 2008 –
Somalia Shamsul Bari Independent Expert on human rights 2008 –
Sudan Mohamed Chande Othman Special Rapporteur on human rights 2005 –

(b) Thematic Mandate

Theme Name Period
Adequate Housing Raquel Rolnik 2008 –
Contemporary Forms of Slavery Gulnara Shahinian 2007 –
Cultural Rights Farida Shaheed 2009 –
Education Kishore Singh 2010 –
Effects of Economic Reform Policies and Foreign Debt on Human Rights Cephas Lumina 2008 –
Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary executions Christof Heyns 2010 –
Right to Food Olivier De Schutter 2008 –
Freedom of Opinion and Expression Frank William La Rue 2008 –
Freedom of Religion or Belief Heiner Bielefeldt 2010 –
Human Rights Defenders Margaret Sekaggya 2008 –
Independence of Judges and Lawyers Gabriela Carina Knaul de Albuquerque e Silva 2008 –
Minority Issues Gay McDougall 2008 –
Physical and Mental Health Anand Grover 2007 –
Protecting Human Rights while Countering Terrorism Martin Scheinin 2005 –
Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance Githu Muigai 2008 –
Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography Najat M’jid Maala 2008 –
Torture Juan E. Mendez 2010 –
Trafficking in Persons Joy Ngozi Ezeilo 2004 –
Use of Mercenaries to Impede the Right of Peoples to Self-Determination – Shaista Shameem 2004 –
Violence against Women Rashida Manjoo 2008 –
Human Rights and Access to Safe Drinking water and Sanitation Catarina de Albuquerque 2008 –
Human Rights and Bioethics (Human Genome) Iulia Motoc 2003 –
Human Rights and Extreme Poverty Magdalena Sepulveda 2004 –
Human Rights and International Solidarity

Rudi Muhammad Rizki

2005 –
Human Rights and the Illicit Movement of Toxic Waste Okechukwu Ibeanu 2004 –
Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and other Business Enterprises John Ruggie 2005 –
Human Rights of Indigenous People James Anaya 2008 –
Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons Walter Kalin 2004 –
Human Rights of Migrants Jorge Bustamante 2005 –

(G) Organization/ Human rights bodies

(H) COURTS AND TRIBUNALS

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